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IRS Makes Major Changes to Form 1099 Filing, Reporting Rules

By: Malasia Heyward

The Boujee Bookkeeper

As we enter the tax year 2023, businesses and individuals must be aware of significant changes in the IRS regulations for filing W-2 and 1099 forms electronically. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has been steadily modernizing its processes, and these changes are part of its ongoing efforts to streamline tax reporting and enhance data accuracy. This blog post will delve into the new IRS W-2/1099 e-file regulations for tax year 2023 and provide insights on navigating these updates.

Understanding the Importance of Electronic Filing

Electronic filing of tax documents has become the standard in recent years, owing to its efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and accuracy benefits. The IRS encourages businesses and individuals to e-file their W-2 and 1099 forms for several reasons:

  1. Reduced Processing Time: E-filing speeds up the processing of tax forms, resulting in faster refunds for individuals and smoother tax reporting for businesses.

  2. Error Reduction: Electronic filing reduces the risk of errors typically associated with paper filing. Mistakes in reporting can lead to penalties and delays in tax processing.

  3. Enhanced Security: E-filing offers more data security than mailing paper forms, protecting sensitive information from potential theft or loss.

  4. Cost Savings: Going digital eliminates the costs associated with printing, postage, and paper storage.

Now, let's dive into the key changes you need to know for tax year 2023.

1. Deadline Adjustments

The e-filing W-2 and 1099 forms deadline has been modified for tax year 2023. Employers and businesses must submit these forms to the IRS and recipients by January 31st instead of the previous deadline of February 28th. This change aligns with the accelerated schedule for issuing Forms 1099-NEC, which has been in effect since the tax year 2020.

2. Mandatory Use of FIRE System

The IRS has made it mandatory for businesses and individuals to use the Filing Information Returns Electronically (FIRE) system for e-filing W-2 and 1099 forms. The FIRE system provides a secure platform for transmitting electronic forms to the IRS.

To start with the FIRE system, you must obtain a Transmitter Control Code (TCC) by submitting Form 4419, Application for Filing Information Returns Electronically, at least 45 days before your first filing deadline. This TCC will be your unique identifier for e-filing.

3. XML File Format

Starting in tax year 2023, the IRS has updated the file format requirement for electronic submissions of W-2 and 1099 forms. You must use the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) format to transmit your data to the IRS through the FIRE system. This change ensures better data compatibility and accuracy in processing.

4. Penalties for Non-Compliance

The IRS takes e-filing regulations seriously, and non-compliance can result in penalties. Failure to e-file when required or submitting inaccurate information can lead to fines that vary depending on the degree of non-compliance. Therefore, staying informed and adhering to the updated regulations is crucial.

5. Electronic Delivery to Recipients

In addition to e-filing with the IRS, you are encouraged to provide electronic copies of W-2 and 1099 forms to recipients, with their consent. This not only aligns with modern communication preferences but also helps reduce the reliance on physical mail.


Staying current with IRS regulations is essential to ensure smooth tax compliance for individuals and businesses. The new IRS W-2/1099 e-file regulations for tax year 2023 emphasize the importance of electronic filing, deadline adjustments, and the use of the FIRE system. While these changes may require adjustments in your tax reporting processes, they ultimately contribute to a more efficient and secure tax filing experience.

As tax laws and regulations continue to evolve, it is advisable to consult with tax professionals or use reputable tax software to ensure accurate and timely compliance. Embracing electronic filing simplifies the tax reporting process and contributes to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly approach to tax documentation.

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